Wind Around the World
Our Biennial Update on Wind Integration
This issue, devoted to wind integration issues, marks the fifth time we have returned to update the subject. The issues have been presented at two-year intervals, and my friend and esteemed colleague Charlie Smith has been the driving force for each of them.
It is interesting to note that there are presently some 200,000 wind turbines operating throughout the world with a capacity approaching 300 GW. Of that, approximately 200 GW is in the European Union, while China and the United States are each near the 50-GW mark. According to the World Wind Energy Association, wind power generated 1.5% of worldwide energy usage in 2008 and 2.5% in 2010. Given the rate of installed and projected growth, it is anticipated that wind power market penetration will be 3.35% this year and 8% by 2018.
Several nations have already achieved relatively high levels of penetration: 28% in Denmark, 19% in Portugal, 16% in Spain, 14% in Ireland, and 8% in Germany. As of 2011, 83 countries around our globe were utilizing wind power on a commercial basis.
The IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES) has been in the forefront of wind-related activities within the IEEE, with activities mostly focused in the operations of the Wind Power Coordinating Committee within our technical council.
In This Issue
This issue contains seven well-written articles that provide background and insight into the issues that pervade this form of generation. The articles emanate from different parts of the world and offer differing insights based on national needs. The overall subject and the articles themselves are described in detail in the guest editorial provided by J. Charles Smith and Charlton Clark.
Part 2 of the Rotary Era
This issue’s “History” column, written by Tom Blalock and edited by Carl Sulzberger, is the concluding piece of the two-part offering by Tom on the advent and early history of the synchronous converter. This was necessitated for supplying dc to existing Edison systems as well as for street railway systems. In this column, we learn about the further development of synchronous converters in the early 20th century and of the demise of these devices as new technologies emerged to supplant them.
Student Thoughts on the Smart Grid
The concluding “In My View” column by Mark O’Malley offers an unusual and most informative narration. He tells us of an innovative undergraduate summer program, Energy Needs Ireland (ENI), in place at University College in Dublin, Ireland. This program is in collaboration with another related to the smart grid. The students are focusing on the question of the value of the smart grid, both globally and specifically for Ireland. Mark describes the details of the student interactions and the approaches that they take to delve into the various issues raised. I was intrigued by the intelligence and innovation displayed by these students and trust that they will retain the virtues displayed when they become tomorrow’s leaders. I believe you will find this contribution as interesting as I have and urge all to be certain to read this column.
As this is the year’s final issue, I want to express my gratitude to the IEEE Power & Energy Magazine Editorial Board, to PES President Noel Schulz, and to the PES Executive Office for their support. I also want to offer thanks to this year’s guest editors:
- Pete Sauer
- Ben Kroposki
- Kevin Lynn
- Hugh Rudnick
- Andrea Rudnick
- Ralph Masiello
- Mani Venkata
- Mark O’Malley
- Charlie Smith
- Charlton Clark
whose yeoman efforts enable us to provide interesting and informative issues to our readers. To Associate Editor Carl Sulzberger, whose history contributions are so vital to the success of this publication, my everlasting gratitude. And to the IEEE Magazines staff, Geri Krolin-Taylor, Janet Dudar, Craig Causer, and Gail Schnitzer, whose professionalism contributes so very much to the success of our publication.